History of the Federal period.

In the United States the period between 1780 and 1830 is generally refereed to as the Federal Period. The United States had recently gained its independence as a result of the American Revolution and a sense of patriotic pride swept through the young nation. The founding fathers rejected monarchy and embraced democracy they were students of Ancient Greece and Rome. Those political leanings combined with the unearthing of Pompeii and Herculaneum, made Ancient Greek and Roman influenced design fashionable.

Primarily responsible for setting the foundation of Federal architecture Robert Adam (1728-1792) and his brothers stressed symmetry and Neoclassical motifs (medallions, urns, ellipses and swag) arranged sparsely within broad neutral spaces. The American eagle was a favorite and tell tale symbol used in this Federal Style.