Identifying exterior architectural features of the Federal period.

Federal style identifying features:

  • Low pitched roof
  • Side-gabled, hipped, or center-gabled style roofs
  • Smooth facade
  • Elliptical or semicircular fanlight over front door (with or without flanking slender side lights)
  • Fanlight often incorporated into more elaborate door surround, which may include a decorative crown or small entry porch. Fanlights are almost universal in the Adam house.
  • Cornice usually emphasized by decorative moldings, most commonly with tooth-like dentils
  • Large windows with double-hung sashes usually having six panes per sash and separated by thin wooden supports (muntins);
  • Geometric forms such as polygonal or bowed bays
Central Pavilion, Tontine Crescent, 1793-1794, by Charles Bulfinch

Central Pavilion, Tontine Crescent, 1793-1794, by Charles Bulfinch